Detikfinance, Jakarta – Since 2010 the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) and Hivos are working together to develop the Sumba Iconic Island / SII (Pulau Ikonis Energi Terbarukan) program. The program aims to provide reliable energy access to communities living on small and medium-sized islands in Indonesia, through the utilization of renewable energy.
The target is the availability of energy derived from renewable energy. This program is expected to encourage the economy to improve the welfare of the people of Sumba Island and can serve as an example in the development of renewable energy in Indonesia.
“The SII program is arguably has brought significant results to date,” said Hivos’ Terang Project Communications Officer, Surya Kusuma, on Thursday (5/10/2017). He gave an example of the electrification ratio of Sumba Island that has jumped to 42.67% in 2017 from only 24.5% in 2010. Which is quite encouraging, while at the same time contribution of renewable energy has also increased to 12.70%. Total renewable energy capacity currently reaches 6.76 MW with total investment of Rp. 160 billion.
Furthermore, he added, renewable energy infrastructure that has been built consists of Micro-Hydro Power Plant (PLTMH), Solar Power Plant (PLTS), Power Plant Bayu (PLTB). As well as other forms of renewable energy development such as PLTS for schools, PLTS for agriculture, Smart PJU (general street lighting), Biogas for lighting and cooking, Barsha Pumps for agricultural irrigation, Energy-efficient furnaces, Energy Kiosks, and the establishment of a Renewable Energy Service Company (RESCO) unit.
In order to accelerate the implementation of the SII Program, the SII Program Steering Committee has set the scenario of achieving 95% electrification ratio, and achieving 65% of the renewable energy mix in Sumba Island by 2020.
The 12th Plenary Meeting of the SII Program held in Sanur, Bali, August 28-29, was attended by all program stakeholders consisting of Steering Committee, Organizing Committee, and Working Groups. The 12th Plenary Session was also attended by new parties involved in the implementation of the SII program by 2017, among them a number of energy companies planning to develop the renewable energy project on Sumba Island and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI). At the 12th Plenary Meeting, Director of New and Renewable Energy – Directorate General of New/Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Maritje Hutapea, urges all stakeholders to work harder to pursue 95% electrification target on Sumba Island by 2020.
With regard to investment in on-grid renewable energy project development on Sumba Island, there are still some things that stakeholders need to prepare, especially regarding the readiness of the network/interconnection system in Sumba Island, to be built by PT PLN (Persero) in 2018, and expected to be completed by 2019. In addition to network readiness, the developers conveyed some of the investment challenges still faced by investors in Sumba Island.
“The main challenges of investors are related to the procurement process, road infrastructure support, the certainty of funding support from third parties, land clearance issues, availability of land, acceleration of PLN network development, and support from stakeholders involving Sumba Island District Government,” Surya said.