Sumba on track to become 100% renewable
Kupang, 21 October 2016 — Current electricity demand in Sumba is majority supplied from renewable energy (55%). Sumba Iconic Island programme contributed to the increased electrification rate in Sumba from 24,5% in 2010 to 42,67% in 2015. The increased rate was made possible thanks to the contribution of renewable energy development supplying 5.7 MW of installed capacity and off grid solar energy. However, this achievement represents only 17.5% why? of the total target stipulated in the General Plan of Energy Provision for Sumba. The target aims for 65% contribution from renewable energy sources by 2020, in order to achieve 95% electrification ratio in Sumba for the same year.
Between 2013 to 2014, peak demand in Sumba Island is reported to be 10.3 MW. Results from various feasibility studies indicate that the growth in demand and the demand for electricity in Sumba will increase to 17.2% per year throughout 2014 through 2025. Therefore, serious commitment and more efforts are needed to increase energy supply capacity throughout 2016 to 2020.
“Achieving this target requires rapid action – 2020 is less than four years from now,” said Sandra Winarsa, Project Manager, Green Energy Hivos (Humanist Institute for Co-operation with Developing Countries / Humanist Institute for Development Cooperation) in Kupang. “With the agreed? proposed renewable energy target, it is essential to work on the integration of PLN’s electricity networks in Sumba Timur and Sumba Barat that are currently disintegrated. This will be the backbone of the electrical system for Sumba island. That would help raising business interests from private developers to invest in the development of various renewable energy resources in Sumba. The success of these efforts will determine the availability of electricity access for 77.5% to 83.2% of households in Sumba. ”
Multi-stakeholder cooperation is key expected to accelerate the achievement of Sumba Iconic Island priorities as stipulated in its blueprint, roadmap and RUPES. Multi-stakeholder approach is especially crucial given funding needed to develop various renewable energy resources that are needed to achieve electrification target set for Sumba is relatively high.
A study conducted by the Asian Development Bank suggested that a total of USD 400.5 million is required to achieve the targeted 95% electrification ratio in Sumba. Therefore, the cooperation of funding from the public sector (APBN, APBD, DAU, and DAK) and private investment is needed. Priority for 2016 to 2020 is to raise investors’ interest to invest USD 105.2 million needed to develop various renewable energy power plants in Sumba.
For more information, please contact:
Hivos Southeast Asia
Jl. Kemang Selatan XII no. 1
Jakarta Selatan 12560 – Indonesia
T: +6221 7892489, +6221 78837577
F : +6221 7808115
Hivos is a member of Alliance2015