HIVOS, JAKARTA – The Government of Indonesia (GOI) and the Dutch government have signed a Letter of Support for the sustainability of new and renewable energy for the Sumba Iconic Island programme. The Letter of Support for Sumba, signed by the Director General of New and Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Rida Mulyana, and the Ambassador of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Indonesia Rob Swartbol in Jakarta, March 1, 2017. On the signing day, the Director General is represented by Maritje Hutapea.
This is a follow up of related event in February 2017, whereas the Dutch government signed an agreement to provide support to a consortium to provide access to new and renewable energy for 45,500 inhabitants of Sumba Island. The amount of the grant is EUR 1,429,000 which will be mobilized for 18 months from March 2017 to September 2018. This will contribute to the Sumba Iconic Island programme by providing access to renewable energy in the form of solar PV system for schools and household and solar PV corn mills. The project will support and build capacity of 140 renewable energy enterpreneurs and 20 workforce members in operation and maintenance.
Both the Dutch and Indonesian government have supported the Sumba Iconic Island programme since 2011. The Government of Indonesia has taken responsibility with a Ministerial Decree and both governments have funded multistakeholder processes.
Progress and cooperation between state and non-state actors in the Sumba Iconic Island programme is a leading example to increase the share of renewable energy for the 700,000 people of Sumba Island in East Nusa Tenggara Province.
About Sumba Iconic Island
The Sumba Iconic Island programme began in 2010 as a multi-stakeholder initiative to achieve 95% electrification ratio and 100% reliance on renewable energy. Supported by the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, development organization Hivos introduced ‘Sumba Iconic Island’. The initial study for the programme was prepared by Hivos, and has been supported by several development partners including ADB, The Government of Norway, and Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD), and other development organizations.
In order to achieve an ambitious goal like this, co-operation between all parties involved is crucial. This is why the Iconic Island initiative is a joint undertaking in which all stakeholders play complementary role. A Milestone in this unique co-operation was reached when the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources officially took responsibility for the realization of the renewable energy objectives in Sumba, in February 2013. By now, the plan is well on its way with a joint roadmap and a completed taskforce structure. In this structure, Hivos is taking on the role of secretariat and independent advocate of Sumba’s renewable energy plans. The ADB provides financial and technical support as part of their broader renewable energy programme in Eastern Indonesia. Millennium Challenge Account Indonesia (MCA) has also provided its important contribution starting 2016.
Sumba has rich potential for renewable energy, yet some 85% of electricity is produced from diesel. Moreover, only some 24,5% of the population has access to electricity. However, by the end of 2015, Sumba Iconic Island initiative contributed to the increased electrification rate in Sumba from 24,5% in 2010 to 42,67% in 2015 –nearly 17% of it generated by renewable energy. The Sumba Iconic Island programme aims to mobilize a mix of public and private investment to achieve this fundamental transformation of energy supply on the island. It is expected it can serve as a model for sustainabily increasing electricity access in other remote areas of Indonesia.
Sumba Iconic Island is a new, bold and ground-breaking initiative. But it is also a highly realistic and feasible plan. Sumba Iconic Island will demonstrate that access to energy is a vital driving force for development. The buzz-word now on Sumba is: scaling-up, to turn Sumba into a viable, replicable example for similar initiatives all over the world.